GENERAL RESCUE PRINCIPLES
Example of access from below
Example of access from above
1. Accessing the victim Accessing the victim can sometimes be complicated. Rope access techniques are used in such a case. When access is possible from above, rescuers use rope descent techniques. If an access rope is in place, rescuers can ascend the rope using handled & ventral rope clamp techniques. In other situations, rescuers are obliged to use climbing techniques to reach the victim.
Inert suspension in a harness, even for a short time, can cause serious physiological harm. In the event of an accident, it is important to respond quickly with the appropriate technique.
On sites where the main access could be cut off by fire, people must be ready to quickly evacuate the building. They have evacuation kits. These kits are either portable or installed permanently on the structure. Where there is no identified anchor possibility, a hook-based system can be used. In both cases, teams must be regularly trained so as not to panic in the event of a fire.
When a worksite is being set up, the company must establish a risk prevention plan (inventory of risk situations): 1. It must protect the personnel from falls from height. The solutions chosen, whether collective or individual, must protect the team members while they work. 2. In the event of an incident, the company must be prepared with rescue systems for accessing, releasing and evacuating the victim. These solutions are established with: - ready-to-use rescue kits, adaptable to many situations and simple to use - personal equipment for the worker at height (solution requiring experienced and well-trained teams) In both cases, the teams undergo regular training, so they can respond quickly in the event of an accident.
Technical rescue teams must be able to respond quickly in any situation. They must choose the quickest, most effective way to access the victim. - When access is easy or possible by motorized means, they can easily transport the rescue equipment - In more difficult access situations, they may use rope access techniques, from above or below. They thus have lightweight, versatile equipment - Finally, the helicopter can be a means that is used when victim access is complicated and/or remote, for example in the mountains
Ski lift evacuation
Ski lift evacuation operations follow an evacuation plan. Rescue kits are put together to meet the specific needs of each ski center.